Charles Dickens and George Eliot are both authors whose novels had a really important impact on 19th century Victorian readers. Dickens ‘ A Christmas Carol and Eliot ‘s Silas Marner were written during the clip of the Industrial Revolution in England and it opened people ‘s eyes to the negative effects that the revolution was holding on common society. The writers saw industrialisation as a loss of individuality and a clip where people were being treated like machines by the inhuman treatment of utilitarianism. It was destructing the nature and the human values that rural Victorian communities one time held. Through these novels, Dickens and Eliot represent how the Victorian case on industry and the greed of money hardens the Black Marias of the wealthy and physically and emotionally oppresses the less affluent ; therefore, shattering the human spirit, endangering relationships, and interrupting the bonds of community.
Dickens passionately portrays his resistance to the Industrial Revolution in A Christmas Carol. He exposes and makes others cognizant of the inhumane environments and nature that the hapless were capable to during the industrial stage of the state. The fresh Begins with an debut to Scrooge and describes him as “ a tight-fisted manus at the grindstoneaˆ¦a squeeze, twisting, hold oning, grating, seizing, envious old evildoer! Hard andA sharpA as flint, from which no steel had of all time struck out generous fire ; secret, and self-contained, and lone as an oyster. ” ( Dickens 40 ) This description of Scrooge sets up the reader to understand the features of some the affluent people of the clip. He is compared to physical objects which are non capable of any emotion or feeling, and hence illustrates him as being really inhuman.
Scrooge is portrayed as really capable of interrupting people ‘s liquors with his cruel words and actions. When the “ portly gentlemen ” attack Scrooge to inquire him for a contribution for the hapless, he responds by stating that he “ ca n’t afford to do idle people merry ” and that it ‘s non his “ concern ” to assist the unfortunate ( Dickens 45 ) . There is great sarcasm in his words as he can really good “ afford ” to make anything he wants, being the really affluent adult male and creditor he was. The fact that he states that the affair has nil to make with his concern is really untrue as he would non even be in concern were it non for the lower category citizens doing him all the money he was roll uping. This duologue shows that Scrooge is about feared in societyA due to his position and the unkindness that comes with it. Dickens portrays the rough world of Scrooge and those of his category early in the novel to do readers to respond and to look frontward to seeing how the character alterations throughout the novel ; therefore representing how they can alter every bit good.
Scrooge destroys any effort by his nephew to construct a relationship with him. He is so bemused with his greed for money that he does n’t recognize that it is the really thing that is doing him suffering. Although Scrooge ‘s nephew is poorer than him, he pleads with his uncle stating, “ I want nil from you ; I ask nil ofA you ; why can non we be friends? ” ( Dickens 43 ) . Dickens illustrates here that people are non even after Scrooge for his money, but simply want him to be unfastened to the thought interpersonal relationships and felicity. Clearly, industry makes the rich richer, nevertheless, it besides destroys their ability to be genuinely content with what they have. It makes them disregard the demand for human relationships and begins to transform the wealthy into hardhearted people.
The character of Scrooge denies any ties to the community and strives to populate for himself entirely. The liquors remind Scrooge that he used to be full of joy before he allow industry in his manner of happiness.A At the idea of the hapless deceasing due to miss of necessities, Scrooge replies, “ If they would instead dieaˆ¦they had better make it, and diminish the excess population ” ( Dickens 45 ) . This attitude towards community did non be before industrialisation as people worked together and depended on each other for support. Here, Dickens exemplifies the selfishness that comes along with industry. It all comes down to self achievement, and the affluent continue to endeavor for more wealth at the cost of the lives and felicity of others. Dickens mentions the Poor Law and petitions for people to acknowledge the trouble of those whom the jurisprudence has put out of topographic point and driven into poorness. He expresses the duty that society has to supply for them pityingly. In his novel, Dickens puts frontward that this mercenary, barbarous society driven by industry can be reformed by going a more generous society that values the human life more than stuff wealth. As he proves with the character of Scrooge, it finally consequences in the joy and success of the society as a whole instead than the depression of the wealthy and the subjugation of the hapless.
Eliot presents her Silas Marner and reviews industrialization similar to the ways in which Dickens opposes it with his novel. She is drawn to the pre-industrial values and efforts to turn out that love of others is finally more rewarding than love of money. She does this through the character of Silas Marner, who becomes obsessed with the wealth he earns for his work and begins stashing it, utilizing it as small of it as possible. Merely as Dickens does with his description of Scrooge, Eliot describes Marner utilizing physical objects that are incapable of any feeling or emotion:
Queerly Marner ‘s face and figure shrank and set themselves into a changeless mechanical relation to the objects of his life, so that he produced the same kind of feeling as a grip or a crooked tubing, which has no intending standing apart. The outstanding eyes that used to look swearing and dreamy, now looked as if they had been made to see merely one sort of thing that was really little, like bantam grain, for which they hunted everyplace ; and he was so shriveled and yellowaˆ¦ ( Eliot 25 )
Here, Silas is described as looking like “ a grip or a crooked tubing ” . It is hard to conceive of person ‘s build as looking like this and it hence, shows how much he has let his organic structure degrade because of his love for money. Silas besides serves an index of industry in the rural small town of Raveloe as his life is degraded to the position of a machine. His ability to see merely “ one sort of thingaˆ¦for which they hunted everyplace ” shows that Silas can merely see one thing in his life-money. His work and his wealth is the lone thing that drives him in life. Although it is bing him his wellness and is prematurely aging him, he is blinded by industry to seeing anything but his net income.
aˆ¦he had five bright guineas put into his manus ; no adult male expected a portion of them, and he loved no adult male that he should offer him a shareaˆ¦it was pleasant to him to experience them in his thenar, and expression at their bright faces, which were all his ain: it was another component of life, like the weaving and the satisfaction of hungeraˆ¦ ( Eliot 23 )
Silas sees his wealth every bit gratifying as fulfilling his hungriness. Comparing the accretion of wealth to a necessity such as nutrient shows that money is what his whole life is about and nil, including his wellness, affairs as much. This portrays the machine-like life style that comes along with industrialisation. Just as machines are merely seen for the labor they produce and need nil in return, some people such as Silas feel the same manner as they do n’t care for their physical demands but merely expression to increase their material wealth.
Eliot uses the characters Godfrey and Dunstan to portray the manner in which industrialisation and the greed for money can pervert and interrupt relationships. These two wealthy brothers use each other and others to take advantage of any selfish want they can claim. Dustan blackmails and payoffs Godfrey to roll up more wealth from him for his ain selfish love of gaming and imbibing. Godfrey on the other manus, allows his first married woman and girl to endure due to his ignorance and moral cowardliness. Although they have more wealth than most in Raveloe could of all time woolgather of, that hungering for an infinite sum of wealth that comes with industrialisation corrupts all the relationships these brothers have with others. Dunstan ends up deceasing without sing his saved wealth and Godfrey is left to populate a life of sorrow as he is unable to hold kids with his 2nd married woman and unable to acquire back his existent girl Eppie. Eliot demonstrates that these relationships are more valuable than wealth but those that ignorant to it, stop up losing the relationships.
Silas is shown as taking his relationship to Eppie over his loss of wealth. This nevertheless, brings about joy that wealth can ne’er carry through: “ Eh, my cherished kid, the approval was mine. If you had n’t been sent to salvage me, I should ha ‘ gone to the grave in my wretchedness. The money was taken off from me in clip ; and you see it ‘s been kept-kept boulder clay it was wanted for you. It ‘s wonderful-our life is fantastic ” ( Eliot 158 ) . Silas ‘ dehumanised being is restored one time Eppie enters his life and shows him what existent felicity is.
The gold had kept his ideas in an ever-repeated circle, taking to nil beyond itself ; but Eppie was an object compacted of alterations and hopes that forced his ideas onwardaˆ¦The gold had asked that he should sit weaving longer and longer, deafened and blinded more and more to all things except the humdrum of his loom and the repeat of his web ; but Eppie called him off from his weaving, and made him believe all its intermissions a vacation, reawakening his senses with her fresh life, even to the old winter-flies that came creeping Forth in the early spring sunlight, and warming him into joy becauseA sheA had joy. ( 123 )
This transition demonstrates the ceaseless form of industrialisation. It pulls people into a rhythm that forces them to travel about and about without any existent intent or addition. As they follow this cyclical form, they allow the physical organic structure and their emotions to deteriorate. They continue to be “ deafened and blinded ” to the devastation that industry is doing in their lives and community. Life becomes a dark topographic point without any sunlight or the heat of love, as people become immune and nescient to such things unless they pull out of the rhythm. Eppie, in this instance, pulls Silas out of this ceaseless rhythm into the visible radiation, where he can see decently once more.
The sense of community portrayed in the rural Raveloe is wholly opposite to the industrialised topographic point where Silas is originally from. In Raveloe ‘s trade-based community, every individual plays a critical function in the success of the small town. However, Silas and Eppie return to Lantern Yard, he finds that his full community has vanished and that a big mill has been placed where the chapel one was. This is really important because the chapel is the topographic point where all different types of people gathered as one community. This sense of community is destroyed by the power of industrialisation and wholly gets rid of all the tradition, memories, and values the topographic point one time held.
Eliot ‘s Victorian readers would hold understood what Eliot was seeking to carry through through her novel. As Victorian society was already sing the impacts of industry during the clip of the novel, they may hold looked upon Raveloe and its sense of community as the image of what they had lost. The industrial landscape that came into being with the revolution was scaring, destructive, and dehumanizing ; destructing all the memories of the better yesteryear.
Both Dickens ‘ A Christmas Carol and Eliot ‘s Silas Marner present industrialisation as the inevitable leader to the dehumanisation of labor, as workers are reduced to nil more than machines and the sum of money that their work is deserving. By showing these novels to Victorian society, these writers attempted to educate and do cognizant the enormous negative effects industry was holding on the hapless ‘s public assistance, the felicity of the wealthy, and community bonds as a whole. An interesting facet of both novels is that kids are used in the salvation procedure of both characters: Scrooge says, “ It is good to be kids sometimesaˆ¦ ” in respects to their reaction to Christmas ( Dickens 229 ) . Silas provinces, “ But yet work forces are led off from endangering devastation: a manus is put into theirs, which leads them away gently towards a composure and bright land, so that they look no more rearward ; and the manus may be a small kid ‘s ” ( Eliot 128 ) . This is important because although kids are exposed to industrialisation in a different manner, they choose to love, construct relationships, and elate the human spirit by default. And so, both writers present the thought that it is better to be like them. By showing the reformation of Scrooge and Silas, these writers attempt to show that Restoration is possible if people are willing to acquire out of the cyclical form of industrialisation and return to the pre-industrial values of society.