Theme Of The Tragedy Of Macbeth English Literature Essay

The Tragedy of Macbeth was written by Shakespeare around 1606. It ‘s one of his darkest and most powerful calamities. It ‘s about Macbeth, a Scots Lord, who is tempted to follow the way of immorality to carry through his aspiration after hearing a prognostication that he will go the male monarch. Encouraged by his married woman, he murders King Duncan and becomes the King. After going the King, he commits more and more slayings to protect himself. In the terminal he is murdered by another Lord, Macduff.


The chief subjects of Macbeth are:

1. Ambition – One of the major subjects of the drama is corruptibility of over-ambition. Macbeth at first is content with being a general, but because of his aspiration, even after going the thane of Cawdor, he murders the male monarch with support from his ambitious married woman. The undermentioned lines show that Macbeth is willing to force aside his morality when Malcom is declared the inheritor to the throne.

“ MACBETH [ Aside ] The Prince of Cumberland! That is a measure

On which I must fall down, or else o’erleap,

For in my manner it lies. Stars, conceal your fires ;

Let non light see my black and deep desires:

The oculus blink of an eye at the manus ; yet allow that be,

Which the oculus frights, when it is done, to see. ” ( 1.4.4 )

2. Destiny and Free Will – Shakspere asks the inquiry of destiny and free will through Macbeth. It ‘s equivocal whether Macbeth has free will or his destiny is predestined. . All the prognostications in Macbeth come true.

Macbeth ‘s aspiration is kindled by the enchantresss prognostication and their prognostication of him being killed merely when Birnam Wood moves to Dunsinane Hill and by person non adult female born comes true Yet Macbeth seems responsible for his ain actions and he ponders before slaying the male monarch.

There is besides a mention to the construct of Rota Fortunae in Macbeth. Rota Fortunae or the Wheel of Fortune is an ancient philosophical construct mentioning to the volatile nature of destiny. The wheel spins at random typifying the random nature of destiny. Macbeth ‘s destiny besides spins as if on a wheel. “ Macbeth starts off halfway up the wheel when a Thane, but moves higher and higher until he becomes male monarch, but falls right down once more towards the terminal as his married woman dies, and he in bend dies. [ 3 ] ”

3. Fair is disgusting and disgusting is fair- This line is oft repeated in the drama. Throughout the drama, just visual aspects are used by the characters to conceal their disgusting purposes. “ The drama is full of ambiguity and dual significances, get downing with the prognostications. The twenty-four hours is highly disgusting ( conditions ) and highly just ( MacDonald has been disemboweled. ) Banquo is non so happy, yet much happier. Is the sticker a hallucination, or a supernatural apparition? Ask the same inquiry about Banquo ‘s shade. Does the bell summon Duncan “ to heaven or to hell ” ? One of Duncan ‘s boy ‘s called out “ Murder! ” in his slumber, but the other one laughed, cryptically pleased at his male parent ‘s decease. Which was which? [ 4 ] ”

Macbeth asks his married woman during the dinner to be gay with the male monarch and conceal their true purposes. There are legion cases of this dichotomy in the drama.

4. Manhood – In the drama manhood is associated with inhuman treatment and force while feminism is associated with compassion. Lady Macbeth asks the liquors to unsex her and take away her feminine qualities so that she can slay the King.

“ Come, you spirits

That tend on mortal ideas, unsex me here,

And make full me from the Crown to the toe top-full

Of direst inhuman treatment! Make thick my blood ;

Stop up the entree and transition to remorse. ” ( 1.5.3 )

Ironically, the enchantresss and Lady Macbeth are barbarous and they are the 1s who tempt Macbeth into slaying the King. The drama inquiries the existent significance of manhood. Shakespeare answers this through Macduff who says that the ability to experience the human emotions of love, loss, heartache is what makes one homo.

5. Guilt – Shakspere focuses on the emptiness and unhappiness that consequence from selfishness and inhuman treatment. By the terminal, Macbeth is guilty for slaying the male monarch

“ Will all great Neptune ‘s ocean wash this blood

Clean and jerk from my manus? ”

He wonders if he will be able to rinse the blood off his custodies. He is non able to state Amens and thinks that he will ne’er be able to kip once more.

Lady Macbeth ab initio has no scruple in slaying the King, but subsequently she is guilty and her guilt makes her mad. After the slaying she says

“ A small H2O clears us of the title ” but later washes her custodies compulsively and says to the Doctor –

“ Here ‘s the odor of the blood still: all the aromas of Arabia will non dulcify this small manus. ”

“ Lady Macbeth ‘s insanity is truly nil more than her recognizing the nature and effects of the atrocious thing she has done. Macbeth verbally abuses and bullies the people who he needs to support him ( and who are abandoning him ) , while reflecting to himself on the emptiness and futility of it all. [ 4 ] ”


Macbeth is a prophylactic narrative about unbridled aspiration. Its shows us how unbridled aspiration and the enticement of power can pervert a individual. Its shows the fallibility of great work forces and adult females and how they have the same feelings and emotions as us. One of the grounds Macbeth is popular even today is because it deals with the cosmopolitan subject of human emotions.

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